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The Human Body and Anatomy
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The Human Body
ankle | arm | chest | foot | hand | knee
leg | neck | shoulder
back | bottom | calf | elbow | head
heel | thigh
Close up on the hand
index finger | knuckle | fingernails
little finger | middle finger
ring finger | thumb | wrist
Close up on the foot
ankle | big toe | heel | little toe | toenail
Inside the Body - Simple Anatomy
|bladder||The organ inside the body of a person, where urine is stored before it leaves the body.|
|bone||The hard parts inside a human or animal that make up its frame.|
|brain||The organ inside the head that controls thought, memory, feelings and activity.
|digestive system||The organs in your body that digest food.
The ear is made up of three different sections: the outer ear, the middle ear, and the inner ear. These parts all work together so you can hear and process sounds.
|eye||'The eyes takes in information about the world around you - shapes, colours, movement, and more. Then they send the information to your brain.|
|heart||The heart sends blood around the body. The blood provides oxygen and nutrients to the body.|
|kidney||One of the main jobs of the kidneys is to filter the waste out of the blood.|
|liver||A large organ in the body which cleans the blood and produces bile (a bitter yellow liquid which helps to digest fat).|
|lungs||The lungs are one of the largest organs in the body, they work with the respiratory system to take in fresh air, and get rid of stale air.|
|mouth||The opening in the face which consists of the lips and the space between them, or the space behind which contains the teeth and the tongue.|
|skeleton||The frame of bones that support the body.
|spine||The line of bones down the centre of the back that provides support for the body.
|teeth||The hard white objects in the mouth, which are used for biting and chewing.
|urinary tract||The parts of the body which produce and carry urine.|
Describing aches and pains
|If your head hurts:||"I've got a headache." or "My head aches."|
|If your stomach hurts:||"I've got stomach ache." or "My stomach aches."|
|If your back hurts:||
"I've got backache." or "My back aches."
|If your neck hurts:||"I've got neckache." or ""My neck aches."|
|If other parts of your body hurt:||"I've got a pain in my arm / leg etc."|
It's Monday morning and Mr Smith has gone to see the doctor.
|Doctor:||Hello Mr Smith. We haven't seen you in a while. What seems to be the problem?|
|Mr Smith||Well, I fell off the ladder whilst I was decorating and hurt my ankle. It swelled up and hasn't gone down since.|
OK - let's have a look, take off your shoe and sock and roll up your trouser leg.
Ah yes, I think we had better send you to the hospital to get this X-rayed. You may have broken a bone.
|Mr Smith:||What? You're joking! No wonder it hurts so much.|
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