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Vocabulary Books

Countries, Nationalities, Languages and Flags

Country Nationality and Language | Capital Cities | Flags
!Note - in English all countries and adjectives describing the products, people or services from that country are proper nouns and as such start with a CAPITAL LETTER.

For example: Ireland - Irish, Belgium - Belgian

Country Nationality Official Language(s)
Australia Australian English
Austria Austrian Austrian
Belgium Belgian French or Flemish
Brazil Brazilian Portugese
Britain British English
Canada Canadian English or French
China Chinese Mandarin
Denmark Danish Danish
Egypt Egyptian Arabic
England English English
Finland Finnish Finnish
France French French
Germany German German
Greece Greek Greek
Hungary Hungarian Hungarian
Italy Italian Italian
Japan Japanese Japanese
Korea Korean Korean
Mexico Mexican Spanish
Northern Ireland Irish English
Poland Polish Polish
Portugal Portugese

Portugese

Russia Russian Russian
Scotland Scottish English or Gaelic
South Africa South African Afrikaans
English
IsiNdebele
IsiXhosa
IsiZulu
Northern Sotho (Sepedi)
Sesotho
Setswana
SiSwati
Tshivenda
Xitsonga
Southern Ireland Irish English
Spain Spanish Spanish
Sweden Swedish Swedish
Switzerland Swiss French / German / Italian
The Netherlands Dutch Dutch
Turkey Turkish Turkish
The UK British English
The USA American English
Wales Welsh English or Welsh
!Note - the Capital City of a country is the most important town or city of a country and it is usually the seat of government and administrative centre, the place where the leaders of a country or state meet and work.
Country Capital City
Australia Canberra
Austria Vienna
Belgium Brussels
Brazil Brasilia
Britain London
Canada Ottawa
China Beijing
Denmark Copenhagen
Egypt Cairo
England London
Finland Helsinki
France Paris
Germany Berlin
Greece Athens
Hungary Budapest
Ireland (Northern) Belfast (regional capital)
Ireland (Southern) Dublin
Italy Rome
Japan Tokyo
Korea Seoul
Mexico Mexico City
Nothern Ireland Belfast
Poland Warsaw
Portugal

Lisbon

Russia Moscow
Scotland Edingurgh (regional capital)
South Africa Cape Town
Southern Ireland Dublin
Spain Madrid
Sweden Stockholm
Switzerland Bern
The Netherlands Amsterdam
Turkey Ankara
The USA Washington
Wales Cardiff (regional capital)

Test yourself:-

Flags when describing the flag of a particular country you use the adjective that describes nationality.
Country Description The Flag
Australia The Australian flag Country flag
Austria The Austrian flag Country flag
Belgium The Belgian flag Country flag
Brazil The Brazilian flag Country flag
Canada The Canadian flag Country flag
China The Chinese flag Country flag
Denmark The Danish flag Country flag
Egypt The Egyptian flag Country flag
England The English Flag English flag
Finland The Finnish flag Country flag
France The French flag Country flag
Germany The German flag Country flag
Greece The Greek flag Country flag
Hungary The Hungarian flag Country flag
Ireland The Irish flag Irish Flag
Italy The Italian flag Country flag
Japan The Japanese flag Country flag
Mexico The Mexican flag Country flag
Poland The Polish flag Country flag
Portugal The Portugese flag Country flag
Russia The Russian flag Country flag
Scotland The Scottish flag Country flag
South Africa The South African flag Country flag
Spain The Spanish flag Country flag
Sweden The Swedish flag Country flag
Switzerland The Swiss flag Country flag
The Netherlands The Dutch flag Country flag
Turkey The Turkish flag Country flag
The UK The Union Flag Country flag
The USA The American flag Country flag
Wales The Welsh flag Welsh flag
Play Hangman
Test your knowledge of the capital cities of the world.

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