Human body

Useful Vocabulary

The Human Body

Build Up

Inside the Body - Simple Anatomy

bladder The organ inside the body of a person, where urine is stored before it leaves the body. bladder
bone The hard parts inside a human or animal that make up its frame. Bone
brain The organ inside the head that controls thought, memory, feelings and activity.
digestive system The organs in your body that digest food.

The ear is made up of three different sections: the outer ear, the middle ear, and the inner ear. These parts all work together so you can hear and process sounds.

eye 'The eyes takes in information about the world around you - shapes, colours, movement, and more. Then they send the information to your brain. eye
heart The heart sends blood around the body. The blood provides oxygen and nutrients to the body. heart
kidney One of the main jobs of the kidneys is to filter the waste out of the blood. kidney
liver A large organ in the body which cleans the blood and produces bile (a bitter yellow liquid which helps to digest fat). liver
lungs The lungs are one of the largest organs in the body, they work with the respiratory system to take in fresh air, and get rid of stale air. lungs
mouth The opening in the face which consists of the lips and the space between them, or the space behind which contains the teeth and the tongue. mouth
skeleton The frame of bones that support the body.
spine The line of bones down the centre of the back that provides support for the body.
teeth The hard white objects in the mouth, which are used for biting and chewing.
tooth (see above) teeth
urinary tract The parts of the body which produce and carry urine. urinary tract

Naturally Speaking

Describing aches and pains
If your head hurts: "I've got a headache." or "My head aches."
If your stomach hurts: "I've got stomach ache." or "My stomach aches."
If your back hurts:

"I've got backache." or "My back aches."

If your neck hurts: "I've got neckache." or ""My neck aches."
If other parts of your body hurt: "I've got a pain in my arm / leg etc."


It's Monday morning and Mr Smith has gone to see the doctor.

Doctor: Hello Mr Smith. We haven't seen you in a while. What seems to be the problem?
Mr Smith Well, I fell off the ladder whilst I was decorating and hurt my ankle. It swelled up and hasn't gone down since.

OK - let's have a look, take off your shoe and sock and roll up your trouser leg.

(Examines ankle)

Ah yes, I think we had better send you to the hospital to get this X-rayed. You may have broken a bone.

Mr Smith: What? You're joking! No wonder it hurts so much.

Games and Tests for this Vocabulary Unit

All these games and tests open in a new window.
Dictation and Spelling Test
Save the Bear! - a cute derivative of hangman
Odd One Out
Rumble in the Jumble - The Human Body
Word Search