With dictionary look up. Double click on any word for its definition.
This section is in advanced English and is only intended to be a guide, not to be taken too seriously!
Mother's Day (Fourth Sunday in Lent)
I used to get into trouble by forgetting that Mother's Day is on a different day in Britain to the rest of Europe and other countries. It can also be confusing, if you are visiting the UK - card shops and TV adverts are all around to remind you, and it can make visitors panic a bit, thinking they have forgotten their mothers back home. It can also be confusing online, as people wish you a Happy Mothers Day in May.
The tradition of a special day to honour mothers can be traced back to when the Romans honoured their goddess of motherhood in the Spring with the feast of Matronalia. Or, it may have emerged from the custom of mother worship in ancient Greece. Mother worship, which included a festival to Cybele, the great mother of gods, and Rhea, the wife of Cronus, was held from March 15 to March 18, all around Asia Minor.
However, Mothering Sunday, otherwise known as Mother's Day, has been celebrated in Britain on the fourth Sunday in Lent since at least the 13th century. The custom possibly originated in the church festival of "Refreshment Sunday" when everyone was expected to revisit the church in which they were baptised, their "mother church", which of course meant they usually got to see there mums again!
It was a small step from honouring Mother Church to honouring our natural mothers and so in the mid-17th Century the custom grew of children paying special tribute to their mothers on this day. Mothering Sunday became more established by the 18th and 19th Centuries when many people worked away from home as servants to the rich and wealthy (especially girls in service such as cooks and maids), they would be allowed to go home for the day to visit their home church and so naturally they visited their families too.
As a child I can remember going to church and being given flowers to give to my mother, which was great because I didn't get pocket money and so it saved lots of wildflowers from being picked on Saturday. ;-)
The day also provided a welcome break from any self-imposed penance or fast being offered during Lent. The girls would often take a basket of goodies to their mothers that would include a Simnel cake, a very rich fruit cake, the name of which dates back to a special flour used by the Romans.
There are 3 main kinds of Simnel cake made in different parts of Britain today: a star-shaped Devizes Simnel, a flat spiced cake called Bury Simnel and the Shrewsbury Simnel with a layer of marzipan in the centre. Most bakeries in Britain will carry at least one type at this time of year.
In some households furmety was served - this is a porridge like dish made of whole wheat grains boiled in milk, then sugared and spiced. My mum used to make me this, but I was never paricularly keen - too much like porridge for my taste.
Nowadays the greeting card industry makes a fortune, and it is more usual for families to get together and take their mother out for a meal in a restaurant (you need to book a table about a year in advance to be sure of getting in anywhere decent on this day), or buy chocolates and flowers (the price of flowers goes through the roof too).
It is also common for the younger children to prepare their mother breakfast in bed, luckily the price of sliced bread and eggs, doesn't go up. However, the mother must eat it, no matter how badly burnt the toast, or how cold the tea!