In the UK there are four seasons. Each season is spread over about 3 months:-

Listen to EnglishSpring

March April May

Listen to EnglishSummer

June July August

Listen to EnglishAutumn

September October November

Listen to EnglishWinter

December January February

Each season has distinctive weather and cultural significance:-


English spring

In spring the days grow longer, the weather is warmer but it often rains and can get very windy. We celebrate Easter in the spring.


English summer
In summer the days are long and the weather's usually warm and sometimes even hot. We usually go on holiday in the summer.



English autumn

In autumn the days get shorter, it gets colder and the leaves fall from the trees. We celebrate Halloween in autumn.



English winter

In winter the days are short and it is generally cold and often wet, sometimes it snows. We celebrate Christmas in the winter.

Prepositions of time

Have you noticed that we use the prepostion "in" when talking about seasons?

For example:

In Russia it is cold in (the) winter.

Most of the seasons have their own adjective.


There is no real adjective, but you could say "spring like".

For example:-

The weather is very spring like.


The adjective is summery.

For example:-

I like summery weather.


The adjective is autumnal.

For example:-

There is an autumnal feeling in the air.


The adjective is wintry.

For example:-

The forecast said there would be wintry showers tomorrow.

! The names of days and months always begin with a CAPITAL letter but seasons don't.

For example:-

Christmas is in December during the winter. I like it when Christmas Day is on a Sunday.


A Lesson
Discuss the Seasons and the Weather