When we compare two things or people we look at what makes them different from each other.
Tall / Short
The man on the right is shorter than the man on the left.
Fast / Slow
A bicycle is slower than a car.
Comparative adjectives are used to show what quality one thing has more or less than the other. They normally come before any other adjectives.
Big / Small
The blue bag is smaller than the red bag.
Forming the comparative
|Words of one syllable ending in 'e'.||
Add -r to the end of the word.
wide - wider
|Words of one syllable, with one vowel and one consonant at the end.||Double the consonant and add -er to the end of the word.||
big - bigger
|Words of one syllable, with more than one vowel or more than one consonant at the end.||Add - er to the end of the word.||high - higher|
|Words of two syllables, ending in 'y'.||Change 'y' to 'i', and add -er to the end of the word.||happy - happier|
|Words of two syllables or more, not ending in 'y'.||Place 'more' before the adjective.||beautiful - more beautiful|
The following adjectives are exceptions to this rule:
- 'good' becomes 'better'
- 'bad' becomes 'worse'
- 'far' becomes 'farther' or 'further'
!Note - When comparing two things like this we put than between the adjective and the thing being compared.
- "Mount Everest is higher than Mount Snowdon."
- "Arguably, Rome is more beautiful than Paris.